General rules for the care of jewelry
First, when doing homework, washing, cleaning, always remove jewelry to prevent physical and chemical damage;
Secondly, if you use creams, always carefully study their composition. If the composition of the cosmetic includes mercury or sulfur, then the jewelry should be removed: mercury destroys the molecules of precious metals, pearls, stones. Mercury forms amalgam with gold, which is why the product is covered with white spots, and sulfur easily forms black sulfur with gold and silver.
Avoid contact with jewelry chlorine and iodine: alkali has a negative effect on precious metals and stones. They can leave dark spots on gold and silver.
Thirdly, always keep items made of precious metals and precious stones in special boxes or cases that will protect them from sunlight, humidity, etc. Store them in a velvet case with compartments. If this is a regular box, it is recommended to wrap each item in a soft napkin. If storage is irregular, items may scratch each other. It is especially necessary to keep amethysts, colored topazes, pearls and turquoise, which, under the influence of solar ultraviolet rays, lose their color intensity.
It is recommended once a year to give the jewelry to a jeweler for checking, repairing frames, and twice a year for professional cleaning.
Properly store jewelry, remove during homework and cosmetic procedures, clean them thoroughly, and take care of them carefully, and your jewelry will delight you for many years.
How to clean gold
Gold is a very “capricious” metal: it quickly fades, spots and scurf appear on it. In order to clean the gold, you can apply the following recommendations:
1. Dissolve the soap in warm water, dip a gold product in it, carefully brush with a toothbrush, rinse under running water;
2. If you have a dark ring, earrings or other gold product made of gold from constant contact with your skin, remove it and wipe with suede;
3. If the jewelry is gold jewelry with precious stones, then to make them shine, clean the product with a cotton swab dipped in ammonia.
How to clean gems
Precious stones are especially hard to clean, as they have different features and properties. Before you clean a gem, you need to determine its hardness. Hard stones (hardness coefficient not lower than 5) include: diamond, emerald, sapphire, ruby, aquamarine, etc. You can safely clean them in a solution of ordinary washing powder with a sponge or brush. Stones whose hardness is below 5 (moonstone, malachite, turquoise, etc.) should only be cleaned in a soap solution that contains a less alkaline medium.
Currently, there are a lot of specialized liquid cleaning products for the care of jewelry made of gold, platinum and silver, with diamonds, rubies, pearls, turquoise and corals. Among such agents, the following can be mentioned: Connoisseurs, Flirin, Salt, etc. When using them, carefully follow the instructions.
How to care for pearls
How to properly store and wear pearls
• Since pearls are soft enough material, store it, preferably wrapped in a soft cloth. This will protect it from the rays of the sun, which also adversely affect the nacre. Keep pearls should be avoiding friction against each other.
• Since the pearls “came out” of the water, some experts recommend to put the pearls in clear water for a few hours from time to time, and then, carefully removing them, dry them in a cool dark place.
• You should wear pearl jewelry, avoiding the contact of nacre with perfume. Essential oils, as well as alcohol spoil the surface of pearls. Human sweat has a detrimental effect on the brilliance of nacre.